Loading and unloading operations are the most laborious operations, when the hardest jobs are entrusted to special mechanisms.
movement of goods over short distances;
performance of auxiliary works.
The versatility of the mechanisms includes several simple devices that minimize human participation in heavy work.
For example, for working with loose building materials a convenient bucket is used, which is installed on the forks and is controlled by a manual lock. Crane boom (its modification-telescopic boom) increases the lifetime of the loader. With its help, adjust the position of the hook. The gripping of loads of various shapes (round, cylindrical, rectangular) greatly facilitates the attachment to the forks. And for the transportation of cylindrical loads such as rolls, rings, rollers, a pin made of high-alloy steel is suitable.
The requirements of safety and sanitation to machines of this type include the strength and reliability of units and parts, the simplicity of design, functionality and rationality of management, ease of assembly and disassembly, low weight of removable parts, careful care for them, environmental friendliness, acceptable noise level.